Chinese pe fund for asean under way

China’s private equity (PE) fund of $10 billion for Southeast Asian countries has completed its first round of fundraising worth $1 billion and it expects its maiden project in infrastructure to take place by the end of this year.

“The fund’s preparatory work has been done and we have already started looking at a batch of projects mainly in infrastructure and joint economic projects between China and members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN),” said Zhu Hongjie, vice-president of the Export-Import Bank of China (Exim Bank), at a forum on the sidelines of the seventh China-ASEAN Business & Investment Summit.

Exim Bank and the nation’s sovereign-wealth fund, China Investment Bank, jointly launched in April 2009 the government-backed PE fund, in which each party invested $300 million. The policy bank owns 52 percent of the fund management joint venture.

Zhu expects the fund’s first project in infrastructure, which is among the key investment areas for the fund, to materialize before the end of 2010.

The fund is set to provide $50 million to $150 million of capital per project and only acts as the equity or quasi-equity investor, said Lu Yueping, deputy general manager of Exim Bank’s special financing department.

The first $1 billion-fund, which was collected from major institutional investors, completed its fundraising and started operations as early as this March, Lu said.

ASEAN’s infrastructure investment market has gradually opened up and provided abundant opportunities for Chinese investors. It will help boost economic integration between China and the region, said Wang Shengwen, deputy director-general of the department of outward investment and economic cooperation under China’s Ministry of Commerce.

The sales volume of Chinese firms’ overseas contracting projects that involved communications, railways and harbor construction in ASEAN countries in the first seven months of 2010 was up 23 percent to $6.4 billion from the previous year, Wang said.

Lu said the fund also targets projects in the energy and natural resources sectors, as China’s demand for these remains large with the nation on track for rapid growth.

“We will start the second phase of fundraising when 70 percent of the first phase is used up We welcome institutions from other countries to join in the raising of these funds,” said Lu, who refused to disclose the size of the second round of funding and when it will take place.

China and ASEAN have deepened their economic ties after their free trade agreement took effect in January.

Bilateral trade jumped to $211.3 billion in the first three quarters, up 44 percent from a year earlier.

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IRS Auditing Big Corporations Less

An IRS audit is one of those rain day events you hope never comes. For many taxpayers that get audited, a common question is why doesn’t the IRS go after bigger corporation that have all the money?

IRS Auditing Big Corporations Less?

It is a common refrain you hear time and again. Why does the IRS pick on the little guys when multi-national businesses are making tons of money and undoubtedly skimming on their taxes? This refrain sounds logical at first glance, but the devil is in the details as they like to say.

Large corporations do file taxes. In fact, they carry a heavy burden in doing so. A functioning, large corporation [think Microsoft or General Motors] is just as overwhelmed by the tax code as you are. One of the large entities, I believe General Motors, did a study that revealed it had to file one tax form or another every 3 minutes of the business week just to stay in compliance with the various tax regulations.

Does this mean we should through some sympathy towards large corporations and their tax problems? Maybe or maybe not, but it does point out one interesting thing. With so many filings and such a complex tax code, most huge corporations are undoubtedly making errors when complying with the tax regulations. In some cases, it may be intention. In most case, however, it is probably a situation of human error and simply be overwhelmed with the sheer volume of work that has to be done.

So, does the IRS audit large corporations as aggressively as it does you and me? It is hard to say. What is clear is the agency is doing less audits than in past years and is spending less time on them. A recent study by the Transaction Records Access Clearinghouse at Syracuse University found the IRS audit rate of large corporations dropped nearly 10 percent this year and the time spent on the audit also dropped.

Does this mean the IRS is giving the big boys a free ride or at least less bumpy one? Not really. The IRS still audited 35.5 percent of all businesses with over $250 million in assets. Think about that for a second. The big boys stand a 1 in 3 chance of being audited. In comparison, individual taxpayers stand a 2 in 100 chance. Given these ratios, it is fairly difficult to argue big business is getting a break.

Richard A. Chapo is with BusinessTaxRecovery.com – providing information on tax debt relief.

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APEC Summit Ends with Pledge to Conclude Doha Round of Trade Talks

US President Barack Obama (C) stands with other APEC leaders for group photo following their evening dinner in Singapore, 14 Nov 2009009

Asia-Pacific leaders ended their summit in Singapore Sunday with a final statement that pledged a conclusion of the Doha Round of global trade talks in 2010, but removed targets for carbon emissions cuts.

The 21-member Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation summit dropped a target to cut greenhouse gas emissions in half by 2050, despite declaring climate change one of the biggest global challenges.

The APEC leaders also rejected all forms of protectionism and said they would commit to concluding the Doha Round of trade talks next year. The talks have been deadlocked over disagreements between developing and developed nations on cutting farm subsidies and tariffs.

The declaration Sunday also said the 21 member economies will maintain stimulus policies until a durable global economic recovery has clearly taken hold.

Obama Meets MedvedevU.S. President Barack Obama meets with Russian President Dmitri Medvedev Sunday on the sidelines of the APEC forum. The two plan to discuss Iran’s nuclear program and Afghanistan.

President Barack Obama waves after stepping off Air Force One upon arrival at Paya Lebar Air Base in Singapore, 14 Nov 2009

Mr. Obama also announced that his native U.S. state, Hawaii, will host the APEC summit in 2011.

President Obama’s schedule Sunday includes meeting with the leaders of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, with Burma among the key topics.

At a breakfast meeting early Sunday to discuss climate change, most ASEAN heads agreed that it is not likely they will seal a deal at next month’s climate change talks in Copenhagen. Danish Prime Minister Lars Lokke Rasmussen, host of the Copenhagen talks, made a trip to Singapore to attend the meeting.

US Accused of Protectionism

APEC leaders called Saturday for more cooperation on global economic recovery efforts and took aim at signs of U.S. trade protectionism.

Hu Jintao

Chinese President Hu Jintao said promoting openness in international trade and curbing protectionism would help revive the world economy.

Mexican President Felipe Calderon singled out Washington for “going in the opposite sense of free trade.” Russian President Medvedev made the same point.

In a speech in Tokyo Saturday, President Obama called on Asian countries to break their dependence on exports to the United States, and to pursue “balanced” and sustainable economic growth.

Some information for this report was provided by AFP, AP and Reuters.

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Multi National Corporations Disected

MNCs

An Enterprise, which allocates company resources without regards to national frontiers, but is nationally based in terms of ownership and top management. It comprise of three words multi, national and corporations. These words together means that corporations which have established their offices to increase the interaction either by their own efforts or by collaborations with other companies. Thus Multinational represents highest level of overseas involvement and is characterized by global strategy of investment, production and distribution. MNCs are enterprise which owns or controls production or service facilities outside their home country.

Classification of MNC by behavior

1.Ethnocentric: These are the type of MNCs which have strong orientation towards home country. This means that home country people are considered as superior and allocated all key posts.
2.Polycentric: Just opposite to Ethnocentric polycentric type of MNCs has strong orientation towards host country where few key people are nationals and remaining are from the host country.
3.Regiocentric and Geocentric: These MNCs have their concentration in whole world and they make selection for best employees whether they are from host country or home country it does not matter.

Characteristics of MNCs

1.Single Managerial Authority control
2.Worldwide Integration, better profitability
3.Global Perspective
4.Close Coordination in parents & affiliates
5.Worldwide Market

Benefits of MNCs

1.Training of domestic manpower
2.Increase pace of economic development
3.Promote better products at lower costs
4.Employment to labour
5.Increase in production, GDP, exports
6.Increase in Governments revenues

Criticism of MNCs

1.Increase gap between rich & poor countries
2.Misallocate & misuse scarce natural resources
3.Home country loses jobs when MNC overseas
4.Employ transfer pricing
5.Aggravate Unemployment in developing countries
6.Competition from MNCs local Industry

Entry Strategies used by MNCs

1.Exporting
2.Licencing
3.Joint Ventures
4.Manufacturing
5.Contract Management / Turnkey Projects

Arguments in support of MNCs in India

1.Change in Perception
2.Economic Arguments
3.Technology Transfers
4.Foreign Investment vs. Borrowing

Benefits of Indian Liberalization to MNCs

1.Positive steps taken by government
2.Effect of these steps

Direct Benefits to India of the increasing presence of MNCs

Increasing scope of professional Education
Increasing competition among states for FDI
Expanding Indias consuming class
India as a source of Inputs
Infrastructural gains

Criticism of MNCs in India

1.Inappropriate products launched by MNCs
2.Overshadowing Domestic Industry
3.MNCs and child labour
4.Workers Exploitation

MNCs and FUTURE

Leading Global Business intelligence and consultancy firms such as Giga, Forester Research and McKinsey & Co. have cited various reasons for the increase of offshore outsourcing by MNCs to India.

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